How To Grow A Rose From Seeds

Looking to start a little planting project? Then you’ve come to the right place because here at Jack Seeds we’re all about growing beautiful and interesting plants for seeds! However, that being said, growing plants is a lot easier said than done in many cases. Some plants (roses in particular) can be quite fickle and without following proper procedures, you might find yourself scratching your head or yelling at the dirt wondering why nothing is sprouting.

So before you get too ahead of yourself, take a look at this guide first to get a bit more of an idea towards what you’ll need to do to increase the chances of your rose sprouting!

What you’ll need

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Before we start getting into the nitty gritty details, let’s start with simply what you’ll need to get these stubborn seeds out of their shells. 

  • Rose Seeds
  • 3 - 4 inch deep seedling trays
  • Seed planting mix
  • Water can or spray bottle (so you don’t flood the soil)
  • Cleared out spot in the refrigerator
  • Half strength fertilizer
  • Fungicide (optional)

Feeling overwhelmed already? Don’t worry, while it may sound like a lot of stuff, the whole process is a lot more straightforward, though lengthy. So if you’re looking for a very hands off quick growing plant, you might want to put down the rose seeds and look elsewhere first.

Starting the seeds: Stratification

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Before you can even think about getting any sort of sprouts out of your seeds, you’ll need to let them go through a process called Stratification. That’s what the fridge is for! Some seeds require a certain set of events to occur first (which would normally occur in a natural setting but we need to simulate in planting) in order to be told “hey, it’s time to start sprouting!” Stratification is exactly that for the rose seeds, as it’s a period of cold moist storage which is similar to what the plant would experience in wintery weather before it can start sprouting. 

You might think, oh, if that’s the case why can’t I just plant them in the ground before winter and leave them be? Well, depending on where you’re from, the winter environment could be too harsh for the seeds to germinate and keeping them in the fridge is the only way to ensure they’re consistently moist and not frost bitten.

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So in the fridge they go! You’ll have to first plant the seeds in those seedling trays full of seed planting/ starting mix. Ideally, aim to place the seeds about ¼ of an inch deep into the mix so they’re covered and protected from getting too cold but not being utterly crushed at the bottom either. Also make sure each tray is properly sealed in a plastic bag before leaving them in the fridge.

Make sure to check in on the tray every now and then to keep the moist but don’t soak them either. Overwatering is a very real issue that’s one of the worst culprits to killing seeds before they can start. This process will usually take 10 - 12 weeks before you can start the next step.

Starting to sprout

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Once the 10 - 12 weeks have passed, you can take the trays out of the fridge and place them in a place that can simulate a mostly consistent temperature of 70℉ (21℃).

As soon as the seeds sense the warmer temperature, they should start to sprout! This should take anywhere from between 2 - 3 weeks and each seed may take a bit more or less time than the others. Also, don’t be discouraged if not all your seeds sprout as roses are very delicate; usually only 20 - 30% of the planted seeds will eventually sprout.

Transfer the sprouts into a new container

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Finally, as soon as the rose seeds start to sprout, you’ll want to transfer them into your new growing pots where they’ll continue to grow until they’re strong enough to withstand the outdoors. Make sure you’re being careful during their replanting process though, ensure you don’t touch the roots; you may even want to try using a spoon as it’s a rather delicate procedure.

Once done and securely placed in their new home, treat them to a meal of half strength fertilizer to make them healthy and strong while watering them modestly. Be very careful not to over water them as, like mentioned before, overwatering is a major weakness for new seeds.

Fungicides can also be used around this stage to prevent fungal attacks from targeting the new sprout and giving it a greater chance at surviving through to adulthood. 

Final Notes

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Each rose plant you grow has its own little personality. By this we mean that you should be patient with your new little rose sprouts as some may take more time to grow. Make sure all your new little potted babies are kept in a well lit environment and shower them with plenty of love!

Feeling ready to take on the challenge of growing your own roses from seeds today? Click here to shop now!